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Plastics Recycling Market Report - UK 2011-2015 Analysis

Published: 16/09/2011 / Number of Pages: 87 / Price: £795.00 £495.00

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Introduction and Overview

AMA Research are pleased to announce the publication of the 4th Edition of AMA Research's 'Plastics Recycling Market Report - UK 2011-2015 Analysis'. Incorporating original input and primary research, the report provides a comprehensive and informative review of this developing market.

Key areas covered in the report include:

  • UK plastics recycling market - volume of post- use plastic waste recovered for reprocessing, UK reprocessors output by volume and by value, overseas trade. Assessment of recent developments. Forecasts and key drivers e.g. new capacity, closed loop recycling.
  • Market mixes for recovered plastic by polymer type, by origin and by end-use applications.
  • Analysis of post-consumer plastic waste arisings by origin and by polymer type.
  • Overview of plastic consumption - mix & trends by polymer type and by product application.
  • Review of supply -market structure, identification and profiles of leading reprocessors.

The report contains a detailed assessment of the plastics recycling market, with interpretation of recent and future developments, key influencing factors, product trends and opportunities.

Of particular interest:

  • Expansion of UK plastic reprocessing capacity with a key focus on HDPE and PET 'bottle-to-bottle' recycling, also plastics from the ELV and WEEE streams.
  • Increased levels of use of PET and HDPE recyclate among leading plastic packaging and beverage manufacturers.
  • Substantial year on year increase in PET and HDPE bottle collections.
  • Significant increase in PVC recycling volumes through Recovinyl initiative.
  • Shift in focus towards recycling mixed packaging waste ELV and WEEE plastics.
  • Anticipated shift in focus towards PP closed loop reprocessing.
  • Recent implementation of key legislation to drive up plastic recycling volumes from the WEEE, ELV, agricultural and construction waste streams.

Companies included:

2k Manufacturing, Avanti Environmental, Axion Polymers, Baylis Recycling, Biffa Polymers, BPI Recycled Products, Centriforce Products, Chase Plastics, Cherry Polymers, CK Polymers, Closed Loop Recycling, Cromwell Polythene, Dekura, ECO Plastics, Ecoplas, Express Recycling & Plastics (ERP), Holt & Macintosh Waste Plastics, J & A Young (Leicester), JFC Plastics, Luxus Recycling, MBA Polymers UK, Melba Products, Monoworld, Norpol Recycling, Oxford Plastics Systems, Petlon Polymers, Plastic Sorting Ltd (PSL), Plumb Polymers, Preston Plastics, Regain Polymers, Roydon Recycling UK, Viridor Polymer Recycling (VPR).

Consumption of Plastics in the UK

  • Consumption of polymers by UK plastic industry by type by volume.
  • Consumption of plastics in the UK by product/end-use application by volume.
  • Analysis of the types of polymers used by weight and main applications .
  • Assessment of trends in key product areas - packaging, construction products, automotive industry etc.

Plastics Waste Arisings

  • Overview of plastic waste arisings by waste stream by volume.
  • Review of trends in plastic packaging waste 2005 -2010.
  • Assessment of consumer goods plastic packaging waste by stream i.e. film, bottles, mixed.
  • Assessment of non-consumer plastic packaging waste by stream e.g. film, rigid containers etc.
  • Review of non-plastic packaging waste arisings from construction, agricultural WEEE & ELV streams.

Plastics Recycling Market

  • Recovery of post-consumer plastic for recycling by volume uplifted 2005 - 2010.
  • Estimates of value of UK plastic reprocessing market 2002 -2010.
  • Key market factors - legislation, industry initiatives, available markets for recycled polymer, overseas trade and pricing trends for plastic recyclate and virgin polymers.
  • Analysis of recovered plastic waste by polymer type & applications and identification of key market issues, focusing on PE, PET, PP and PVC.
  • Analysis of recovered plastic waste by origins & applications and identification of key market issues. Key focus on consumer packaging, construction and WEEE.
  • Analysis of recovered plastic waste by end-use applications & identification of key market issues. Key focus on packaging including closed loop bottle-to-bottle recycling.

Market Structure

  • Plastic Waste Collection - methods of collection in the industrial, commercial and domestic sectors, key players, trends.
  • Assessment of new and pipeline capacity and estimates of UK reprocessing capacity by materials handled e.g. HDPE & PET bottles, film, rigid plastics.
  • Review of the recycling process - methods of recycling, types of recyclate.
  • Recycling companies - major players, annual handling capacities, materials handled, products. Includes BPI Recycled Products, Biffa Polymers, Closed Loop Recycling, Jayplas, Regain, Dekura, Viridor Polymer Recycling, JFC Plastics, ECO Plastics, Luxus, Roydon Group.

Report Summary

According to the British Plastics Federation (BPF), UK industry consumes around 4.8 million tonnes of polymers a year and produces around 2.5 million tonnes of end product, the largest area of demand being packaging. It is estimated that around 2 million tonnes of plastic packaging is used in the UK, but this figure is higher when including the packaging used with imported goods. After packaging, the second largest area of demand for polymers is that of construction products, accounting for around 22% of UK polymer supply. Electrical equipment, housewares, agricultural products and vehicle manufacture account for around 30% of demand between them. The remaining 12% of demand is split between medical equipment, toys and sporting goods, clothing and other. In the UK, it has been estimated that plastic waste arisings have been growing by around 2% a year, reaching around 4.5 million tonnes in 2010.

There are some 50 groups of plastics, with hundreds of different varieties, all of which are potentially recyclable. However, problems with recycling mixed materials means that the recycling market is dominated by six of the most common polymer types, many of which are used in packaging. While it is unlikely that there will be a dramatic upturn in the variety of plastics recycled, with investment in recycling plant only financially viable for the more commonly occurring products, legislative influences are likely to produce significant changes in the product mix over the next few years.

The market structure is complex, with recycling of post-use plastic involving collection, sorting, reprocessing and incorporation of recycled polymer into new products. Some companies focus on only one area of activity, while other, often larger, players are active in several. The benefits of reusing industrial process waste in-house, combined with the requirement for producers in some sectors to meet recycling targets, have encouraged some plastics manufacturers to run a recycling operation, commonly incorporating recycled plastic into a proportion of their own products. The domestic sector represents the largest source of post-use plastic waste. While the number of local authorities operating collection schemes has increased in recent years, kerbside collection is the method most likely to encourage participation by the general public. Meanwhile, recovery of plastic from the commercial and industrial sectors is likely to be encouraged by increasingly comprehensive legislation.

Use of recycled polymer by manufacturers has traditionally depended upon it offering a significant price advantage over virgin polymer, with usage historically constrained by the low prices of virgin material. In addition, the market for recycled polymer has been limited by the perception amongst some end-use sectors (e.g.: the construction industry) that it is of inferior quality. Within the food packaging industry, the largest single market for plastic, usage is limited by safety concerns, although recycled plastic can be used, sandwiched between layers of virgin polymer. Further growth of the recycled plastics market is dependent upon finding applications for the reprocessed polymer, with potential areas of development analysed in the report.


List of Report Contents

  1. Contents Listing
  2. 1. INTRODUCTION 6
  3. 1.1 BACKGROUND 6
  4. 1.2 SOURCES OF INFORMATION 7
  5. 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
  6. 3. ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 10
  7. 3.1 GDP 10
  8. 3.2 INFLATION & INTEREST RATES 11
  9. 3.3 UNEMPLOYMENT 12
  10. 3.4 HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION 12
  11. 3.5 HOUSING & CONSTRUCTION 13
  12. 3.6 STERLING 14
  13. 3.7 POPULATION PROFILE 15
  14. 3.8 CONCLUSIONS 16
  15. 4. UK PLASTICS CONSUMPTION 17
  16. 4.1 MARKET OVERVIEW 17
  17. 4.1.1 Growth 17
  18. 4.1.2 Market Mix by Polymer Type 17
  19. 4.1.3 Market Mix by Application 20
  20. 4.2 KEY END USE APPLICATIONS 21
  21. 4.2.1 Packaging 21
  22. 4.2.2 Construction Products 24
  23. 4.2.3 Furniture and Housewares 24
  24. 4.2.4 Automotive Industry 25
  25. 4.2.5 Electrical and Electronic Equipment 25
  26. 4.2.6 Other End-Use Applications 25
  27. 5. PLASTIC WASTE ARISINGS 26
  28. 5.1 OVERVIEW OF ARISINGS 26
  29. 5.2 PACKAGING 27
  30. 5.3 HOUSEHOLD /CONSUMER NON-PACKAGING PLASTIC WASTE ARISINGS 31
  31. 5.4 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT 31
  32. 5.5 MISCELLANEOUS 33
  33. 5.5.1 End of Life Vehicles (ELV) 33
  34. 5.5.2 Construction & Demolition 33
  35. 5.5.3 Agriculture 33
  36. 6. PLASTICS RECYCLING 35
  37. 6.1 INTRODUCTION 35
  38. 6.2 OVERVIEW OF RECENT MARKET DEVELOPMENTS 37
  39. 6.3 KEY MARKET DRIVERS 39
  40. 6.3.1 Legislation 39
  41. 6.3.2 National Waste Strategies 41
  42. 6.3.3 Prices 43
  43. 6.3.4 Recycling Infrastructure Development 46
  44. 6.4 MARKET PROSPECTS 47
  45. 6.4.1 Packaging Recycling Targets 49
  46. 6.4.2 WRAP Business Plan 2011-2015 49
  47. 6.4.3 Exports 50
  48. 6.4.4 Prices 50
  49. 6.4.5 Reprocessing Capacity 50
  50. 6.4.6 Mixed Plastics Waste Recovery 52
  51. 6.4.7 Industry Structure 53
  52. 7. RECOVERED PLASTIC MIXES BY POLYMER / TYPE / END USE 54
  53. 7.1 RECOVERED PLASTIC WASTE BY TYPE 54
  54. 7.1.1 Overview 54
  55. 7.1.2 Packaging 55
  56. 7.1.3 End of Life Vehicles 62
  57. 7.1.4 Construction & Demolition 62
  58. 7.1.5 WEEE 63
  59. 7.1.6 Agriculture 64
  60. 7.1.7 Other Sources 64
  61. 7.2 RECOVERED PLASTIC WASTE BY POLYMER TYPE 65
  62. 7.2.1 HDPE and LDPE 65
  63. 7.2.2 Polypropylene 66
  64. 7.2.3 Polystyrene 67
  65. 7.2.4 Polyethylene Teraphthalate (PET) 67
  66. 7.2.5 Polyvinyl Chloride 68
  67. 7.2.6 Other Polymer Types 70
  68. 7.3 MARKETS FOR RECYCLED PLASTIC 70
  69. 7.3.1 Overview 70
  70. 7.3.2 Packaging 73
  71. 7.3.3 Construction 73
  72. 7.3.4 Local Authorities 74
  73. 7.3.5 Other Applications 74
  74. 7.3.6 Other End-Use Applications 75
  75. 8. MARKET SUPPLY CHAIN STRUCTURE 77
  76. 8.1 MARKET STRUCTURE 77
  77. 8.2 COMPANY PROFILES 80
  1. Tables & Charts
  2. CHART 1 INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION (CPI) FROM 1992-2015 11
  3. CHART 2 PDI & SAVINGS RATIO AT CURRENT PRICES 1992-2015 13
  4. TABLE 3 EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS 2006-2011 - STERLING TO THE DOLLAR, AND THE EURO, SPOT RATES 15
  5. CHART 4 AGE DISTRIBUTION OF THE RESIDENT UK POPULATION MID-2008 ('000) 15
  6. CHART 5 ESTIMATED TYPICAL ANNUAL CONSUMPTION SHARE BY POLYMER TYPES BY VOLUME (HDPE, PP, L/LDPE, PVC, PS, EPS, ABS, PET/PBT ETC) 18
  7. CHART 6 ESTIMATES OF TYPICAL ANNUAL CONSUMPTION OF POLYMERS BY UK MANUFACTURERS BY END USE APPLICATION 20
  8. TABLE 7 TYPES OF PLASTIC USED IN THE UK BY WEIGHT AND MAIN USES. 21
  9. TABLE 8 PLASTIC PACKAGING PRODUCTS - UK CONSUMPTION BY TYPE 2009 22
  10. CHART 9 UK PLASTIC PACKAGING MARKET BY POLYMER TYPE BY VOLUME 23
  11. TABLE 10 MAIN CATEGORIES OF PLASTIC PRODUCTS USED IN CONSTRUCTION 2010 24
  12. CHART 11 UK PLASTICS WASTE ARISINGS BY ORIGIN 2009 26
  13. TABLE 12 UK TONNAGE OF PACKAGING IN WASTE STREAM ('000 TONNES) 2005-2010 27
  14. CHART 13 UK HOUSEHOLD PLASTIC PACKAGING WASTE ARISINGS BY PRODUCT TYPE BY TONNAGE (BOTTLES, FILMS AND MIXED PLASTICS) 28
  15. CHART 14 NON-HOUSEHOLD/CONSUMER PACKAGING WASTE ARISINGS BY MATERIAL BY ESTIMATED SHARES BY TONNAGE 29
  16. CHART 15 NON-HOUSEHOLD/CONSUMER PLASTIC PACKAGING WASTE BY TYPE 30
  17. TABLE 16 WEEE COLLECTED UNDER PRODUCER COMPLIANCE SCHEMES 2008-2010 BY PRODUCT GROUP, LARGE HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, DISPLAY EQUIPMENT ETC) 32
  18. TABLE 17 UK PLASTIC RECYCLING - ESTIMATED SIZE 2005 - 2010 BY VALUE (£M MSP) & BY VOLUME (TONNES) 37
  19. TABLE 18 KEY EU DIRECTIVES RE WASTE DISPOSAL & RECYCLING 40
  20. TABLE 19 AVERAGE PRICE RANGES PAID FOR PLASTIC PACKAGING WASTE FROM MSW AND THE C & I WASTE STREAMS (£/TONNE) 45
  21. TABLE 20 NEW BOTTLE REPROCESSING CAPACITY 2008 TO 2010 46
  22. TABLE 21 UK PLASTIC RECYCLING - FORECASTS 2010 -2015 BY VALUE (£M MSP) & BY VOLUME (TONNES) 48
  23. TABLE 22 PLASTIC REPROCESSING CAPACITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE 2011 51
  24. CHART 23 PLASTIC WASTE RECOVERY MIX BY ORIGIN BY VOLUME 2009 54
  25. TABLE 24 PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY OBLIGATION TARGETS FOR RECOVERING PACKAGING WASTE 2006 -2012 55
  26. CHART 25 VOLUME OF PLASTIC PACKAGING COLLECTED FOR RECYCLING 2000-2010 57
  27. CHART 26 UK RECOVERED PLASTIC PACKAGING -TRENDS IN EXPORTS AND UK REPROCESSING 2006 - 2010 58
  28. CHART 27 PLASTIC PACKAGING RECOVERED BY TYPE 59
  29. CHART 28 VOLUME OF PLASTIC BOTTLES COLLECTED FOR RECYCLING 2003 - 2009 60
  30. TABLE 29 SUMMARY OF PLASTIC BOTTLE COLLECTION SCHEMES (PARTICIPATION, LA KERBSIDE COLLECTIONS, BOTTLE BANKS ETC) 2009, 2007 & 2002 60
  31. CHART 30 MARKET MIX FOR RECOVERED PLASTICS BY TYPE BY VOLUME 65
  32. TABLE 31 EUROPE AND UK - PVC RECYCLING VOLUMES (TONNES) - 2005 -2010 69
  33. CHART 32 RECOVINYL 2009 - REGISTERED RECYCLED VOLUMES BY APPLICATION BY TONNAGE ACCEPTED - EUROPE 69
  34. TABLE 33 USES FOR PLASTIC RECYCLATE IN UK MANUFACTURING 71
  35. CHART 34 MIX OF END-USE APPLICATION AREAS FOR PLASTIC RECYCLATE 72
  36. CHART 35 PLASTICS RECYCLING MARKET STRUCTURE 77
  37. TABLE 36 MAJOR UK PLASTICS REPROCESSORS SUPPLYING RECYCLATE TO THIRD PARTY CUSTOMERS 2009 79

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