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Social Housing Construction & Maintenance Market Report - UK 2018-2022

Published: 09/02/2018 / Number of Pages: 104 / Price: £845.00

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Introduction and Overview

The 12th edition of the 'Social Housing Construction & Maintenance Market Report - UK 2018-2022' represents a unique, up to date review of the market and its development. Previously focusing on housing associations, the scope of this revised edition has been expanded to cover the wider social housing sector in the UK, with a focus on both new build and RMI activity, as well as funding, supply and Government policy.

Key sections covered:

  • Structure and size of the UK social housing market in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland in terms of stock and tenure.
  • Analysis of leading UK housing associations in terms of stock and tenure - activities and development pipelines.
  • Construction output in the social housing sector for new housing, in addition to repair, maintenance and improvement expenditure.
  • An in-depth analysis of Government funding and investment in the social housing sector.
  • Review of housebuilding targets with estimated pipelines by leading housing associations.

Key areas of insight include:

  • Review of social housing starts and completions, and social housing development pipeline over the next 4 years.
  • Review of social housing RMI sector and an overview of contractor capability and experience in the sector.
  • Large-scale mergers, partnerships and diversification, which have become a feature of the sector following years of funding constraints, as many housing associations are struggling to provide their core services.
  • Review of funding and Government programmes, including the London Mayor's Housing Covenant 2015-18, the London Affordable Homes Programme 2016-21 and the Shared Ownership Affordable Homes Programme (SOAHP) 2016-21.
  • Detailed market data and insight on the social housing construction and maintenance market by AMA Research, a leading UK provider of construction market intelligence.

Social Housing Construction and RMI

  • Public sector RMI housing output - value of expenditure 2012-2022.
  • Housing associations - spending on RMI including ongoing maintenance & major repairs 2013-2022.
  • Market size & mix - usage; size of stock; geographical location of stock; social housing rents.
  • Buying & specification - RMI & new build frameworks.
  • Social housing facilities outsourcing.
  • Key contractors in the social housing RMI Sector; key social housing consortia.
  • Housing association starts and completions 2012-2022. New social housing by property size and type.
  • Key contractors in the social housing new build sector - contractor profiles and major projects.

Overview of Social Housing in the UK

  • Social housing market size, structure and trends - value of construction output for new build and RMI 2012-2022.
  • Social housing provision and management - analysis of leading UK housing associations in terms of stock and tenure, and by region - activities and development pipelines.
  • Review of the key social housing new build programmes and capital grants in the UK by region.o Major review of the Government policy and reforms in the social housing sector.
  • Analysis of housing association activity in the Build to Rent sector.
  • Private sector funding - bank lending to housing associations; bond markets.
  • Review of major Housing Associations - dwelling stock, key characteristics, regional strengths, market positioning etc. in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Social Housing Provision

  • Structure and key providers.
  • Key housing associations - overview, profile of key providers, major projects and expenditure.
  • Housing associations - partnerships, merger and acquisition activity.
  • Key housing associations regionally - England, London, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Other Social Housing

  • Care homes - sector size and structure, supply and demand, future demand for places. The Extra Care sector.
  • The local authority/voluntary care sector - overview and value leading providers in the voluntary sector; leading housing associations in the care sector.
  • The student accommodation sector - market overview and size, development pipeline and leading providers.

Report Summary

The social housing sectoris diverse, with over 1,700 registered providers in the UK, varying in size from under 10 homes to more than 50,000. Of these, most are small players, but the top 100 hold larger portfolios and much of the sector's development capacity, and a series of significant mergers have taken place over the past couple of years to achieve economies of scale and greater development influence.

In 2017-18, total UK housing association stock is estimated to have increased and they now account for around 60% of social housing stock. Around 75% of market stock owned or managed by housing associations is general needs housing, which is primarily social rental accommodation.

The social housing sector is currently experiencing funding issues influenced by increased financial constraints on local authorities and social rent cuts of 1% a year from 2016-17 to 2019-20. This has led to reduced discretionary spending on maintenance and improvements by housing associations. The UK social housing market also continues to face acute supply problems, with new build levels below requirements. The Affordable Rent model is also influencing the social housing sector.

Prospects for the sector in the short-medium term remain challenging. The limited grant funding under the AHP, driven by the emphasis on the Affordable Rent investment model, has prompted Social Housing providers to seek finance and support from alternative sources, with some forming partnerships with private sector providers.


List of Report Contents

  1. Contents Listing
  2. 1. INTRODUCTION 8
  3. 1.1 INTRODUCTION 8
  4. 1.2 SOURCES OF INFORMATION 9
  5. 2. SUMMARY AND MARKET PROSPECTS 10
  6. 2.1 OVERVIEW 10
  7. 2.2 NEW HOUSING 11
  8. 2.3 REPAIR, MAINTENANCE & IMPROVEMENT (RMI) 13
  9. 3. ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 14
  10. 3.1 GDP 14
  11. 3.2 INFLATION & INTEREST RATES 15
  12. 3.3 UNEMPLOYMENT 16
  13. 3.4 HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION 17
  14. 3.5 HOUSING & CONSTRUCTION 17
  15. 3.6 STERLING 18
  16. 3.7 POPULATION PROFILE 18
  17. 3.8 CONCLUSIONS 19
  18. 4. OVERVIEW OF SOCIAL HOUSING IN THE UK 20
  19. 4.1 SOCIAL HOUSING MARKET - DEFINITIONS 20
  20. 4.2 SOCIAL HOUSING MARKET SIZE 20
  21. 4.3 HOUSING MARKET STRUCTURE 21
  22. 4.3.1 All Dwellings 21
  23. 4.3.2 Mix of Dwellings 23
  24. 4.4 SOCIAL HOUSING PROVISION & MANAGEMENT 24
  25. 4.4.1 England 24
  26. 4.4.2 Wales 25
  27. 4.4.3 Scotland 26
  28. 4.4.4 Northern Ireland 26
  29. 5. SOCIAL HOUSING RMI 28
  30. 5.1 TOTAL SPENDING ON REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE 28
  31. 5.1.1 Housing Associations - Spending on Repairs & Maintenance 28
  32. 5.1.2 Future Spending on Repairs & Maintenance 30
  33. 5.2 PUBLIC SECTOR HOUSING RMI OUTPUT 31
  34. 5.3 MARKET SIZE AND MIX 32
  35. 5.3.1 Housing Stock 32
  36. 5.3.2 Usage 33
  37. 5.3.3 Size of Stock 34
  38. 5.3.4 Geographical Location of Stock 35
  39. 5.3.5 Social Housing Rents 36
  40. 5.4 BUYING AND SPECIFICATION 39
  41. 5.4.1 Overview 39
  42. 5.4.2 Social Housing Facilities Management Outsourcing 39
  43. 5.4.3 Key Social Housing Consortia 41
  44. 5.4.4 Key Contractors in the Social Housing RMI Sector 42
  45. 6. SOCIAL HOUSING CONSTRUCTION 45
  46. 6.1 STARTS AND COMPLETIONS 45
  47. 6.1.1 Housing Association Starts and Completions 45
  48. 6.1.2 New Social Housing by Type 46
  49. 6.1.3 Social Housing Completions by Property Size and Type 47
  50. 6.1.4 Social Housing Development Pipeline 48
  51. 6.2 BUYING AND SPECIFICATION 53
  52. 6.2.1 New Build Frameworks 53
  53. 6.2.2 Key Contractors in the Social Housing New Build Sector 54
  54. 7. MARKET DRIVERS 59
  55. 7.1 ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS 59
  56. 7.2 GOVERNMENT POLICY ON SOCIAL HOUSING & PLANNING 59
  57. 7.2.1 Repair & Maintenance Issues 60
  58. 7.2.2 Housing and Planning Act 2016 60
  59. 7.3 HOUSING AFFORDABILITY 62
  60. 7.4 LARGE SCALE VOLUNTARY TRANSFERS (LSVTS) 63
  61. 7.5 RIGHT TO BUY 63
  62. 7.5.1 Extension of Right to Buy 64
  63. 7.6 FUNDING FOR THE SOCIAL HOUSING MARKET 64
  64. 7.6.1 Funding/Policy Settlements/Announcements 64
  65. 7.6.2 Public Sector Funding - England 67
  66. 7.6.3 Public Sector Funding - Wales 69
  67. 7.6.4 Public Sector Funding - Scotland 70
  68. 7.6.5 Public Sector Funding - Northern Ireland 71
  69. 7.6.6 Private Sector Funding 72
  70. 8. KEY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 74
  71. 8.1 MARKET STRUCTURE 74
  72. 8.2 MARKET MIX OF HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 74
  73. 8.3 KEY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 76
  74. 8.3.1 Market Share 76
  75. 8.3.2 Housing Associations in London 79
  76. 8.3.3 Housing Association Profiles 80
  77. 8.4 SCOTLAND - KEY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 86
  78. 8.5 WALES - KEY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 88
  79. 8.6 NORTHERN IRELAND - KEY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 90
  80. 9. OTHER SOCIAL HOUSING 92
  81. 9.1 CARE HOMES 92
  82. 9.1.1 Sector Size and Structure 92
  83. 9.1.2 Supply and Demand 93
  84. 9.1.3 The Local Authority/Voluntary Care Sector 94
  85. 9.1.4 The ExtraCare Sector 98
  86. 9.2 STUDENT ACCOMMODATION 99
  87. 9.2.1 Market Overview and Size 99
  88. 9.2.2 Student Accommodation Development Pipeline 100
  89. 9.2.3 Leading Providers of Student Accommodation 101
  90. GLOSSARY 104
  1. Tables & Charts
  2. CHART 1: UK HOUSING ASSOCIATION STOCK 2013-2022 ('000S) 9
  3. TABLE 2: GDP DATA - 2015-2017 - KEY CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS 13
  4. CHART 3: INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION (CPI) FROM 2000-2021 15
  5. CHART 4: PDI & SAVINGS RATIO AT CURRENT PRICES 2000-2021 16
  6. TABLE 5: EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS 2014-2020 - STERLING TO THE DOLLAR, AND THE EURO, SPOT RATES 17
  7. CHART 6: VALUE OF THE SOCIAL HOUSING SECTOR - NEW BUILD AND RMI 2017 (%) 20
  8. CHART 7: HOUSING STOCK BY COUNTRY AND TENURE 2016 (%) 21
  9. TABLE 8: UK SOCIAL HOUSING - % DWELLING STOCK 2006-2016 BY TENURE - MIX BETWEEN PRP AND LA 22
  10. TABLE 9: UK HOUSING ASSOCIATION STOCK 2012-2022 ('000) AND % CHANGE 22
  11. CHART 10: HCA BUDGET BY PROGRAMME 2016 - 2021 (%) 24
  12. TABLE 11: EXPENDITURE ON HOUSING ASSOCIATION PROPERTIES - MAJOR REPAIRS, PLANNED MAINTENANCE, SERVICE COSTS: 2013-16 (£BN) 27
  13. TABLE 12: TOP 30 HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS BY TOTAL SPEND ON REPAIRS & MAINTENANCE - 2015 AND 2016 (£M) 28
  14. CHART 13: ESTIMATED TOTAL EXPENDITURE ON HOUSING ASSOCIATION RMI: 2013 -2022 (£BN) 30
  15. CHART 14: PUBLIC SECTOR HOUSING RMI OUTPUT 2013 - 2022 (£BN) 31
  16. TABLE 15: UK HOUSING ASSOCIATION STOCK 2012-2022 ('000) AND % CHANGE YEAR ON YEAR 31
  17. CHART 16: HA STOCK IN ENGLAND BY TYPE 2017 (%) 33
  18. CHART 17: ENGLAND - GENERAL NEEDS SOCIAL HOUSING STOCK BY SIZE OF DWELLING 2017 (%) 34
  19. TABLE 18: ENGLAND - REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF GENERAL NEEDS SOCIAL HOUSING STOCK 2017 - LARGE PRPS (%)* 34
  20. TABLE 19: ENGLAND - GENERAL NEEDS HOUSING RENTS PER REGION 2016 AND 2017 (£/WK) AND % CHANGE 35
  21. TABLE 20: TABLE 33: ENGLAND - AFFORDABLE RENT UNITS OWNED BY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS 2012 - 2017: GENERAL NEEDS HOUSING VS. SUPPORTED HOUSING 36
  22. TABLE 21: ENGLAND - AFFORDABLE RENTS HOUSING: RENTS PER REGION 2016 AND 2017 (£/WK) AND % CHANGE: GENERAL NEEDS HOUSING 37
  23. TABLE 22: ENGLAND - GENERAL NEEDS HOUSING RENTS PER REGION 2017 (£/WK) - AFFORDABLE RENTS MODEL VS. GENERAL RENTS 37
  24. TABLE 23: TOP 30 CONTRACTORS IN THE SOCIAL HOUSING REFURBISHMENT SECTOR BY NUMBER & VALUE (£M) OF CONTRACTS AWARDED AND BY NUMBER OF UNITS - YEAR TO NOVEMBER 2017 43
  25. CHART 24: HOUSING ASSOCIATION NEW STARTS AND COMPLETIONS: UK 2012 - 2022 BY VOLUME OF DWELLINGS 44
  26. CHART 25: SOCIAL HOUSING COMPLETIONS 2016-17 BY COUNTRY (%) 45
  27. CHART 26: UK SOCIAL HOUSING COMPLETIONS 1996-2016 46
  28. TABLE 27: HOUSING ASSOCIATION COMPLETIONS BY SIZE OF DWELLING IN ENGLAND: 2012-13 TO 2016-17: ENGLAND (% OF DWELLINGS) 47
  29. TABLE 28: HCA AFFORDABLE HOUSING PROGRAMMES - TOTAL COMPLETIONS BY YEAR AND BY TENURE: 2012-2017 48
  30. TABLE 29: HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS PIPELINE FIGURES: TOP 45 HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS BY NO. AFFORDABLE UNITS DEVELOPED/APPROVED FOR THE SOAHP 2016-21 AND TOTAL NO. HOMES APPROVED/PLANNED FOR 2017-2021 50
  31. TABLE 30: TOP 30 CONTRACTORS IN THE SOCIAL HOUSING NEW BUILD SECTOR BY NUMBER & VALUE (£M) OF CONTRACTS AWARDED AND BY NUMBER OF UNITS (PROPERTIES) BUILT - YEAR TO NOVEMBER 2017 54
  32. TABLE 31: HOUSEHOLD SIZE ESTIMATES ENGLAND 2014 - 2039 ('000S) 58
  33. TABLE 32: AFFORDABILITY FACTORS UK - AVERAGE DWELLING PRICE AND EARNINGS RATIO: 2007-2017 YEAR TO SEPTEMBER 62
  34. TABLE 33: 'RIGHT TO BUY' ENGLAND: LOCAL AUTHORITY AND REGISTERED PROVIDER 2007-2017 62
  35. TABLE 34: SUMMARY OF DCLG BUDGET 2016-2020 64
  36. TABLE 35: AFFORDABLE HOMES PROGRAMME 2015-18: FUNDING AND OUTPUT BY REGION (£M) 67
  37. TABLE 36: LONDON AFFORDABLE HOMES PROGRAMME 2016-2021: TOP 10 ALLOCATIONS AND UNITS BY HOUSING ASSOCIATION (£) 68
  38. TABLE 37: SHARED OWNERSHIP AFFORDABLE HOMES PROGRAMME (SOAHP) 2016-2021: GRANT ALLOCATION BY REGION (£) 68
  39. CHART 38: WALES - SOCIAL HOUSING GRANT FUNDING (£M) 2012-2017 69
  40. TABLE 39: SCOTLAND - AFFORDABLE HOMES SUPPLY PROGRAMME (AHSP) 2017-21: ALLOCATIONS BY COUNCIL (£M) 70
  41. TABLE 40: LEADING HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS IN THE PRS/BUILD-TO-RENT SECTOR 71
  42. TABLE 41: LEADING HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS BOND ISSUANCES 72
  43. CHART 42: DISTRIBUTION SHARE OF HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS IN ENGLAND BY NUMBER OF DWELLINGS 2017 (NO. OF DWELLINGS/% HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS) 73
  44. CHART 43: DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSING ASSOCIATION STOCK BY REGION - ENGLAND 2017 74
  45. TABLE 44: TOP 30 HA GROUPS IN ENGLAND BY TOTAL UNITS OWNED / MANAGED AND MARKET SHARE (%) 2017 76
  46. TABLE 45: G15 DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE 2016-2021 BY HOUSING ASSOCIATION MEMBER (NO. AND VALUE OF UNITS) (£M) 79
  47. CHART 46: PLACES FOR PEOPLE GROUP HOUSING MIX 2017 80
  48. CHART 47: CLARION GROUP HOUSING MIX 2017 81
  49. CHART 48: GENESIS H.A. HOUSING MIX 2017 82
  50. CHART 49: NOTTING HILL H.A. HOUSING MIX 2017 83
  51. CHART 50: SANCTUARY H.A. HOUSING MIX 2017 84
  52. CHART 51: LONDON & QUADRANT HOUSING MIX 2017 85
  53. TABLE 52: TOP 30 HA GROUPS IN SCOTLAND BY TOTAL STOCK OWNED (2017) - UNITS OWNED / MANAGED AND MARKET SHARE (%) 87
  54. TABLE 53: TOP HA GROUPS IN WALES BY TOTAL STOCK OWNED (2017) - UNITS OWNED / MANAGED AND MARKET SHARE (%) 88
  55. TABLE 54: TOP HA GROUPS IN N. IRELAND BY TOTAL STOCK OWNED (2017) - UNITS OWNED / MANAGED AND MARKET SHARE (%) 89
  56. TABLE 55: LONG-TERM CARE MARKET BY OWNERSHIP TYPE - NUMBER OF CARE HOMES/BED SPACE 2017 91
  57. CHART 56: NUMBER OF CARE HOME RESIDENTS 2007 - 2017 ('000) 92
  58. CHART 57: FUTURE DEMAND FOR CARE HOME PLACES - EXPECTED DEMAND VS. CURRENT ANNUAL SUPPLY: 2015-2021 93
  59. CHART 58: NURSING & RESIDENTIAL CARE HOMES BY OWNERSHIP TYPE (%): 1990-2017 94
  60. TABLE 59: LEADING 20 VOLUNTARY SECTOR PROVIDERS OF LONG-TERM* CARE BY NUMBER OF HOMES AND BED-SPACES 2016-17 95
  61. TABLE 60: TOP 15 HOUSING ASSOCIATION PROVIDERS OF EXTRACARE HOUSING 97
  62. CHART 61: ESTIMATED NUMBER OF NEW STUDENT BED SPACES BUILT PER YEAR - 2011-2021 100
  63. TABLE 62: MARKET SHARES OF LEADING PBSA OPERATORS (INCLUDING HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS) 2016-17 102

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